The "Multiplication Sign (×)" Symbol in Mathematics (2024)

The Mathematical Symbol "Multiplication Sign (×)"

homesitemapsymbolsmultiplication sign

The × Symbol in Mathematics: Multiplication Sign

The realm of mathematics is replete with symbols, each bearing its own significance. One of the most recognizable and widely used symbols is the ×, commonly referred to as the "Multiplication Sign". This article provides insight into the use and importance of the × symbol, along with pertinent examples.


The × symbol straightforwardly denotes multiplication, an elementary arithmetic operation. It signifies the operation of finding the total of one number taken a specified number of times. This symbol is ubiquitously used in various levels of mathematics, from basic arithmetic to higher-order calculations.


  • Example 1: Basic Arithmetic: If you have 3 groups of 4 items each, the total number of items can be calculated as:
    3 × 4 = 12
    Here, the × symbol denotes the multiplication of 3 and 4.
  • Example 2: Algebraic Expressions: Multiplication is often implied in algebra, but the × symbol can be used for clarity, especially when dealing with numbers and variables together. For instance:
    2 × x × y = 2xy
    The × symbol makes the multiplicative relationship between the terms explicit.

In summary, the × symbol is foundational in mathematics, representing the multiplication operation. Its common nature ensures that it remains a staple in mathematical notation, facilitating clear communication and understanding across various mathematical contexts.

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Codes for the × Symbol

The Symbol×
Alt CodeAlt 0215
HTML Code×
HTML Entity&amptimes;
CSS Code\00D7
Hex Code×

How To Insert the × Symbol

(Method 1) Copy and paste the symbol.

The easiest way to get the × symbol is to copy and paste it into your document.

Bear in mind that this is a UTF-8 encoded character. It must be encoded as UTF-8 at all stages (copying, replacing, editing, pasting), otherwise it will render as random characters or the dreaded �.

(Method 2) Use the "Alt Code."

If you have a keyboard with a numeric pad, you can use this method. Simply hold down the Alt key and type 0215. When you lift the Alt key, the symbol appears. ("Num Lock" must be on.)

(Method 3) Use the HTML Decimal Code (for webpages).

HTML TextOutput
<b>My symbol: &#215;</b>My symbol: ×

(Method 4) Use the HTML Entity Code (for webpages).

HTML TextOutput
<b>My symbol: &times;&lt/b>My symbol: ×

(Method 5) Use the CSS Code (for webpages).

CSS and HTML TextOutput
span:after {
content: "\00D7";}
<span>My symbol:</span>
My symbol: ×

(Method 6) Use the HTML Hex Code (for webpages and HTML canvas).

HTML TextOutput
<b>My symbol: &#x00D7;&lt/b>My symbol: ×

On the assumption that you already have your canvas and the context set up, use the Hex code in the format 0x00D7 to place the × symbol on your canvas. For example:

JavaScript Text
const x = "0x"+"E9"
ctx.fillText(String.fromCodePoint(x), 5, 5);


(Method 7) Use the Unicode (for various, e.g. Microsoft Office, JavaScript, Perl).

The Unicode for × is U+00D7. The important part is the hexadecimal number after the U+, which is used in various formats. For example, in Microsoft Office applications (e.g. Word, PowerPoint), do the following:

[Hold down Alt]
[Press x]
(The 00D7 turns into ×. Note that you can omit any leading zeros.)

In JavaScript, the syntax is \uXXXX. So, our example would be \u00D7. (Note that the format is 4 hexadecimal characters.)

JavaScript TextOutput
let str = "\u00D7"
document.write("My symbol: " + str)
My symbol: ×

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The "Multiplication Sign (×)" Symbol in Mathematics (2024)


The "Multiplication Sign (×)" Symbol in Mathematics? ›

The multiplication sign (×), also known as the times sign or the dimension sign, is a mathematical symbol used to denote the operation of multiplication, which results in a product. While similar to a lowercase X (x), the form is properly a four-fold rotationally symmetric saltire.

What is the multiplication symbol in math? ›

Use the multiplication sign (×), not the letter x, to indicate the mathematical operation.

What is the multiplication sign on the keyboard called? ›

You have 3 options to make a multiplication sign. Just type letter X or x in your keyboard. ... Use the keyboard shortcut of multiplication symbol (×). ... Alt + 0215 = × Note: Use the Numpad (Numeric pad) located on the right side of your keyboard.

What is the multiplication box symbol? ›

A multiplication sign usually resembles an x shape and can be used multiple different ways in mathematic equations. Other variations of the multiplications sign include using asterisks (*) in-between numbers or a multiplication dot (.) or parentheses.

What is the sign rule for multiplication? ›

Multiplication and Division of Integers. RULE 1: The product of a positive integer and a negative integer is negative. RULE 2: The product of two positive integers is positive. RULE 3: The product of two negative integers is positive.

What is the Greek multiplication symbol? ›

The product operator in mathematics, indicated with capital pi notation Π (in analogy to the use of the capital Sigma Σ as summation symbol).

What is the line symbol for multiplication? ›

Multiplication Symbol (×)

The multiplication symbol (×) signifies multiplying something by something else — that is, finding the product of two numbers or, to put it another way, adding a number to itself a certain number of times.

What is the real name of multiplication sign? ›

The multiplication sign (×), also known as the times sign or the dimension sign, is a mathematical symbol used to denote the operation of multiplication, which results in a product. While similar to a lowercase X (x), the form is properly a four-fold rotationally symmetric saltire.

What is the Alt code for the multiplication symbol? ›

The alt code for the multiplication sign "×" is Alt+0215. To type it on a Windows computer, hold down the Alt key and type 0215 on the numeric keypad.

Which of the following symbols is used for multiplication? ›

Symbol of Multiplication

Multiplication is represented by the signs cross (×), asterisk (*), or dot (·). While writing in your notebooks, you are most likely to use the cross.

What is the symbol for sum multiply? ›

Examples of symbols that are justly symbolized, even today, are ∑ and ∏ , representing a sum and a product, respectively. More specifically, these symbols represent loops—an addition loop or a multiplication loop.

What is the multiplication symbol in set theory? ›

A question about set notation. What does the multiply sign here mean? It's called a Cartesian product. For two sets A and B, A×B={(a,b)∣a∈A,b∈B}.

What is the Unicode symbol for multiplication? ›

“×” U+00D7 Multiplication Sign Unicode Character.

What is the symbol for multiply? ›

The multiplication sign (×) was obtained by changing the plus sign into the letter X.

What sign is used to multiply and divide numbers? ›

Multiplication - A mathematical operation that indicates how many times a number is added to itself. It is signified by the multiplication signs (x) or (*). Division - A mathematical operation that indicates how many equal quantities add up to a specific number. It is signified by the division signs (÷) or (/).

Is asterisk multiplication? ›

Answer and Explanation:

In mathematics, the asterisk symbol * refers to multiplication. For example, consider the following expression: 7 * 6.

What is the PEMDAS rule? ›

What Does PEMDAS Mean? PEMDAS is an acronym for the words parenthesis, exponents, multiplication, division, addition, subtraction. Given two or more operations in a single expression, the order of the letters in PEMDAS tells you what to calculate first, second, third and so on, until the calculation is complete.

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